EV Charging Times


One of the things people often ask is, “How long does it take to charge an EV?”.

F-150 Lightning, Mainely EVs
F-150 Lightning with typical Maine camp road dust

Simply, the time it takes to charge an electric vehicle (EV) can vary depending on different factors, including:

  • Battery capability: Larger batteries take longer to charge than smaller batteries.
  • Charging speed: Level 1 charging (120V outlet) is slow and can take 8–12 hours to charge a 40 kWh battery. Level 2 charging (240V outlet) is faster and can take 4–6 hours to charge a 40 kWh battery. DC Fast Charging can charge an EV to 80% in as little as 30 minutes.
  • Charging equipment: Different charging stations can provide different charging speeds.
  • Vehicle’s onboard charger: Some vehicles have a built-in charger that limits the maximum charging speed.

The average time it takes to charge an EV is between 4–12 hours using a Level 2 charger, and about 30 -45 minutes using a DC fast charger. These are rough estimates and actual charging times may vary, especially given Maine’s varying weather. For example:

https://americacharged.com/2022/12/21/baby-its-cold-outside-cold-weather-and-fue-economy/

EV Charging Rates

Here is a chart showing approximate charging times for electric vehicles (EVs), based on the battery capacity and the charging rate:

Battery Capacity (kWh)Level 1 Charging (Hours)Level 2 Charging (Hours)DC Fast Charging (Minutes)
408-124-630-60
6012-186-945-75
7515-22.57.5-11.2560-90
10020-3010-1575-120

Note:

  • Level 1 charging uses a standard 120V outlet and provides a slow charging rate of about 1.5 kW.
  • Level 2 charging uses a 240V outlet and provides a faster charging rate of about 3.7-7.2 kW.
  • DC Fast Charging uses high-power charging stations that can deliver 50-350 kW and can charge the battery to 80% in about 30-60 minutes.

These charging times are approximate and can vary based on the make, model, and age of the vehicle, as well as the charging equipment used. A lot of basic questions about EVs are answered at America Charged.

Level 2 EV Charger Installation

Most homeowners will want to install a dedicated, convenient level 2 charger. The ability to plug in your vehicle for overnight charging is crucial, as well as for shorter, recharge periods.

Level 2 charging is a type of electric vehicle charging that uses a higher voltage and amperage than Level 1 charging, allowing for faster charging times. It is typically used for public charging stations and for home charging.

Installing a Level 2 charger at home can provide the convenience of being able to charge your electric vehicle more quickly, and can also be useful if you frequently drive long distances and need to charge your vehicle more often.

Additionally, with the growing popularity of electric vehicles, having a Level 2 charger installed can increase the value of your home.